Lubert Stryer

National Medal of Science

Biological Sciences

For his pioneering application of fluorescence spectroscopy, and particularly fluorescence resonance energy transfer, to the analysis of biological macromolecules; he elucidated the biochemical basis of signal amplification in vision and pioneered the development of high density micro-arrays for genetic analysis (gene chips"). His influential biochemistry textbook has influenced and inspired millions of students."

For his pioneering application of fluorescence spectroscopy, and particularly fluorescence resonance energy transfer, to the analysis of biological macromolecules; he elucidated the biochemical basis of signal amplification in vision and pioneered the development of high density micro-arrays for genetic analysis (gene chips"). His influential biochemistry textbook has influenced and inspired millions of students."

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Birth
March 2, 1938
Age Awarded
68
Country of Birth
China
Key Contributions
Developed High Density Micro-Arrays For Genetic Analysis
Forster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET)
Awarded by
George W. Bush
Education
Harvard Medical School
University of Chicago
Areas of Impact
Health & Medicine
Affiliations
Stanford University
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Lubert Stryer’s pioneering work in biochemistry and the interplay of light helped the scientific world better understand DNA and how human eyes process light.  Stryer is most well known for developing the “gene chip,” a new method of genetic analysis generating a high volume of compounds using light, with a relatively small number of steps to produce microarrays.

Stryer also made an impact in other areas of research including major contributions to understanding proteins on the molecular level, and used a method called fluorescence spectroscopy to explain how an eye's retina processes light.

"Interdisciplinary research is the future, particularly as we seek a real understanding of the brain," Stryer said of the field and how to better understand complex scientific mysteries.

Stryer holds more than 50 patents and is credited with at least 130 scientific publication — including his world renowned biochemistry textbook. Since the first edition of Biochemistry was published in 1975 it has been a staple in teaching biochemistry.

By Christine Ayala

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