John I. Brauman
National Medal of Science
For his seminal contributions in chemistry, giving new insight into the properties of ions and the dynamics and mechanisms of reactions, and for his landmark achievement in clarifying the key role of solvent in determining acid-base chemistry.
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BirthSeptember 7, 1937
Country of BirthUSA
Key ContributionsRole Of Solvent In Acid-Base Chemistry
Awarded byGeorge W. Bush
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Areas of ImpactTheory & Foundations
Other PrizesNAS Award in Chemical Sciences
John Brauman’s journey into a career in the sciences is a classic one: he was inspired by a charismatic high school chemistry teacher. (By chance, this very same high school teacher taught a number of other National Academy of Sciences members, Brauman noted in an interview.) When he started taking science classes as an undergraduate at MIT in the 1950s, Brauman discovered that he was particularly good at chemistry, more so than other sciences, and decided to stick with it. Brauman went on to become a renowned organic chemist at Stanford University, acclaimed for his work exploring how molecules react and the factors that determine these chemical reactions. His work fundamentally altered how chemists today consider the properties of ions, and helped determine the role of the solvent — the solution, liquid, or gas in which a reaction takes place — in chemical stability and reactivity.
By Sara Grossman