Clarence L. Johnson
National Medal of Technology and Innovation
For his outstanding achievements in the design of a series of commercial, military, and reconnaissance aircraft that incorporated a wide range of technological advancements, and for his innovative management techniques which helped develop and produce these aircraft in record time and at a minimum cost.
National Medal of Science
For bold innovations in the use of materials and in the design of aircraft of unusual configurations that pioneered new vistas for the possibility of flight
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BirthFebruary 27, 1910
Age Awarded78 (Technology)
Country of BirthUSA
Key ContributionsPerformance Jet Fighter Wwii (P-83)
Performance Jet Fighter Wwii (P-83)
Foundation For Skunkworks
Construction Of Area 51
Brand New Approaches To Airplanes
Awarded byRonald Wilson Reagan (Technology)
Lyndon Baines Johnson (Science)
EducationUniversity of Michigan
Flint Junior College
Areas of ImpactTransportation
AffiliationsLockheed Martin Corporation
Other PrizesNational Inventors Hall of Fame
Presidential Medal of Freedom
In grade school, Clarence L. Johnson broke the leg of a bully who dared to call him “Clara.”
The trouncing earned him the tougher nickname “Kelly” – a moniker that survived a career of confronting challenges.
Johnson was known for his gall.
In his first weeks at Lockheed, the former Michigan farm boy marched into his boss’ office and flagged errors in the company’s new aircraft, the Electra. In 1938, Johnson, then 28, spent 72 sleepless hours designing a new plane to help Great Britain prepare for war.
He is credited with designing the first 400 MPH aircraft, the P-38 Lightning. His secret group of engineers – called Skunk Works – spent nine months developing the world’s first spy plane, the U-2.
A demanding leader, Johnson didn’t tolerate making the same error twice, often holding his employees to the same perfectionistic motto he lived by himself:
“Be quick, be quiet, be on time.”