Antonio L. Elias

National Medal of Technology and Innovation

Aerospace

For their invention, development, and production of the Pegasus rocket, the world's first privately developed space launch vehicle, that has opened the door to greater commercial, scientific and defense uses.

For their invention, development, and production of the Pegasus rocket, the world's first privately developed space launch vehicle, that has opened the door to greater commercial, scientific and defense uses.

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Awarded With
David W. Thompson
David S. Hollingsworth
Robert R. Lovell
Country of Birth
USA
Key Contributions
First Private Space Launch Vehicle
Pegasus Rocket
Awarded by
George H. W. Bush
Education
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Areas of Impact
Transportation
Affiliations
The Pegasus Team: Orbital Sciences Corporation
Hercules, Inc.
A

As a child, Antonio Elias dreamt of becoming an aeronautical engineer. After high school, he left to study in Spain, following in the footsteps of his father, a member of the Spanish Foreign Service.

Several years later, a “cultural mismatch” brought him back to the United States where he was – by some stroke of luck – accepted into MIT. “Obviously they didn’t understand the translation of my grades from the Spanish system to the U.S.,” he joked, “otherwise they would have never accepted me.”

But Elias proved he was MIT material, eventually snagging a research assistantship at the Draper Laboratory working on the end of the Apollo program and the Space Transportation System – later renamed the “Space Shuttle.” After MIT denied him tenure, Elias joined Orbital ATK where he led the technical team that designed and built the Pegasus rocket.

The vehicle, launched from beneath a NASA B-52 aircraft, opened the door for commercial spaceflight.

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